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Development depends on land availability... Inter-State boundary TN to suffer serious loss States - Odisha Time to wake up Launch of ins vikrant, India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier Come to Tamil Nadu where the action is... Competing for good: Tale of two states KTR releases Annual Report CII to set up tourism bureaus Industrial corridors to boost economy Illegal mining of sand Info-Park, more space MOUs worth Rs.10.54 lakh crore signed Divide & Prosper AP in better shape Nod to cow slaughter bill Doubling production and tripling farmers’ income... Infra boost to the new capital State Forward Benevolent businessthan... Green crimes galore Fanciful Rao and tech-savvy Naidu Vedanta to close Lanjigarh refinery It’s Karnataka chalo for Amit Shah? States - Kerala Tasks for the new government Homestays, a budding tourism industry Waste disposal model TN can leverage NLC’s strengths... KNPP with the grid Pioneering education model All these happened in TN… Oh, la la. Hype on Hyperloop Global Investors Meet Post Poned Flurry of collaborations inked by AP Promise of a productive year Strike over salary hike Wouldn’t the Mahatma like clean restrooms in our cities! A giant push for millets Bhubaneswar IIT cries for completion With agriculture at its heart... Global meets galore Of development and welfare Enchanting and enterprising Tamil Nadu Kochi Metro Rail Project A blueprint for the future ODISHA Power for all Winds of change... Infrastructure to the FORE State of the States Enticing pest traps Leaky old lorries, mini cabs for techies... Land scams rock AP & TS City of foaming lakes and fire ‘E’ for enterprise Why the Congress won in Karnataka MCL has a taste of judicial activism! Bus services hit Municipal Elections Monsoon fury Technology has raised the bar... Deputy Collector Sindhu! Mango Diplomacy When business flocks to MP... Bringing magic of Rajasthan alive It indeed is attractive for investments Stirring the political cauldron State under siege More government apps Miners asked to pay more KCR’s I-day bonanza A year of Telangana Thalaivaa SIPB clears big proposals TN to suffer serious loss A neta at it again! Bifurcation yet to end water wars Land acquisition policy is ahead of national policy... Lingayats get a reminder: it’s poll time States Roundup Reducing carbon footprint... An industrious idea
 
State of the States
India has 29 states and seven union territories that include Delhi and Puducherry. What kind of life have these 36 administrations given us? Piecing together information from various sources that are publicly available we present the state of the economy, health, education, infrastructure, crime and punishment and governance in each of these outposts.

First, let’s put a few perspectives in place. One, we have classified the states into three categories: ‘A’ is about states with a population of at least 5 per cent of India’s population.  ‘B’ represents states with a population of 2.5 per cent of India’s population. The rest of the pack make up for ‘C.’ 

There is a separate categorisation for Union Territories.  We have made a couple of adjustments. Delhi, which has a sizeable population, is placed under Category ‘C’ states, while Puducherry, whose population is negligible, stays under Union Territory.  Telangana has been left out since some parameters relating to it are not available. 

The deck now has A (8 states), B (6 states), C (15 including Delhi) and UT (6 excluding Delhi)

Let’s tell you how we have gone about with the analysis. We tracked 20 parameters and categorised them into six major categories. 

 

MEASURING HAPPINESS

‘Economic progress,’ leads to happiness. The five principal measures are per capita GDP, asset ownership, poverty, unemployment and inflation.  Let’s look at their importance in turn. 

1. Per capita GDP:   

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) measures the earnings of a state during a year and is an indicator of economic performance. It’s similar to the annual earnings of a family. A better signpost of happiness is per-capita GDP, which is the ratio of the state GDP to state’s population. It’s an indicator of the standard of living as also the productivity of a state’s workforce.

2. Homeownership:   

Not just in India but the world over, home ownership is a matter of status and achievement. Research shows that home owning leads to better wealth, health, and happiness.  It is good for the economy. As buyers scale up, the multiplier effect works since furniture, home loans, and construction material industries benefit. 

3. Prosperity:

Prosperity is the measure of success in society.  Food, drinking water, sanitation facilities, healthcare and education represent some of the pre-requisites for a minimum standard of living. It depends on both income and access to services.  We have taken the percentage of people living below the poverty line and deducted it from 100 per cent to arrive at the index of prosperity. 

4. Inflation: 

If I could buy ten dosas with Rs 100 ten years ago but can buy only four now, it means there has been an inflation in the price of dosas. In the long run, the rise happens because of an increase in the money supply.  Reasonable inflation can be healthy. It is one marked by both increase in money supply and improvements in the economic growth of the society. Changes in the Consumer Price Index are a good measure of inflation. The state with the lower inflation index is ranked higher. 

5. Employment 

In economic speak, the employment rate is the share of the labour force, which are qualified and willing to work, that has jobs and incomes. When the economy is doing well, the employment rate should rise as it creates additional economic investments, which in turn create jobs and revenue.  The employment rate is the ratio of the employed population to the working age population. We picked the unemployment rate per 1000 and deducted it from 1000 to arrive at the employment rate.

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