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Cement prices continue to rise… TN accounts for the largest recruits by the IT sector Bihar – Nitish Kumar adopts the Lalu model More heat than light Mersal magnified Make standards certification mandatory... Banning booze... GNS - 100: our first subscriber The power-full Hindujas Haul over the coal Delhi returns to BJP Poor representation for Kerala and TN in Cabinet Should we change the official year? Breaththrough in malaria control Quality silica from Neyveli TN-leverage strength of BHEL, NLC... Multi-faceted Venkat When nations steal growth from one another… Fortune for Indian Airlines CIPET hqrs to stay at Guindy – for the present? Contrarian cousins The Gulf aviation boom New IT products of Ramco in the pipeline… A rich pool of talent not utilised…. Plummeting profits of PSBs The Jan Dhan bonanza Remembering Indira Sivasailam... For whom the MIDS bell tolls? Recognition to role of NBFCs.... 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Moily’s bold thrust Permanent secretariat for TN GIM Delhi is distant… Marketing expert Balagopal is no more When the President was rendered homeless… The rise and fall of Annamalai University Protest masters... Delhi Chalo... Towards speedy justice Welcome GST Naidu’s return augurs well for Seemandhra Don’t seem to feel the pulse… The ‘Ayyo-yes’ is no more SoA @ 80 An informal presentation - analytical, forward locking... A Grand Finale for SN’s MS centenary at the US… Building loyalty through the stomach More Shakthi to Das’ elbow A professional at the helm of IRDA... L&T: focus on infrastructure and more infrastructure… Revving up the manufacturing sector CSR and CMI: promise of another Srinivasan Ramanujan... Revive development banks... EVM is tamper-proof Rs.1600 crore paper board plant of TNPL Discoms deserve better… The rise and rise of KCP Maximising the micro pricing … Shaming of Tamils by Tamil farmers at Delhi Scientists urged to take up farmer-oriented research Rahman at CIC Quality education through the PPP mode Noble nonagenarians... Gas is the way forward Tough task taking states together L&T- the specialty of special purpose vehicles Godspeed, Chief Minister JJ The why of tax incentives Dr C Rangarajan returns to Chennai Chennai and Kolkata miss opportunity to grow as Delhi and Mumbai Welcome changes that testify to Jayalalithaa’s return to health …and of a popular trade leader Cleaning Ganga – relocate tanneries and install electric crematoria IPL - no surprise this scam Editor's Notes Parliament in paralysis... 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The industry which thrived on the protection of a closed economy and the advantage of a vast domestic market, has failed to organise its evolution on healthy lines Engineering seats go abegging Modi storms Silicon Valley The Swadeshi Trump The balancing act Poor quality of university VCs Why this malaise in medical education? Padma Bhushan for A Ramakrishna Like Hinduism: many paths to reach God... When small is no larger beautiful.. Lesson from Chandrababu Naidu Airlines in India: cost and space Put expensive assets created to use... Preserving for the future Tihar, Puzhal not different from Parappana Agrahara More Shakti to resource mobilisation... MHC should not return to its old indisciplined ways An inexplicable neglect Valli, they are more marginalised B H Kothari - a tribute No engine for this car Diamond jubilee of Egmore Samskrt School A yen for wastage… Music happens Lalu’s envy, India’s pride Tribute – UCAL Selvan… Five star activism stalls development activity Inflation: are we emulating Argentina and Brazil? IPL type auction for VCs? Of course, Gujarat is vibrant WTO Meet: resolved to meet again Adharma of opposition politics Funding the un-funded Adapt Vajpayee dinner diplomacy Naidu will soon build a new Hyderabad Paytm karo... The few handicaps... Air Asia India will set new benchmarks for budget travel Small units prefers to remain small... Convulsions in The Hindu
 
Gas is the way forward

IE has been pointing to Tamil Nadu’s total unconcern  over utilising the enormous potential of natural gas. For close to 30 years, IE has been pointing to the prosperity, especially of Gujarat and Maharashtra, built on the effective utilisation of natural gas/LPG. Apart from utilising a large portion of natural gas produced both on land and offshore at the Bombay High, these states have also created the infrastructure for importing large quantities of LNG. Look at the LNG terminals existing as on 31 March 2016: 

At Dahej in Gujarat the terminal has capacity for 10 mmtpa being increased to 15 mmtpa during the current year. 

At Hazira again in Gujarat, for 5 mmtpa.

At Dabhol in Maharashtra, for 1.692 mmtpa in phase 1 to be increased to 5 mmtpa.

Kochi built for a capacity of 5 mmtpa, but utilises a small fraction. 

In Gujarat large capacity fertiliser and power plants use gas as a feedstock effectively; a vast range of industries including steel, petrochemicals and chemicals widely use gas as also for transportation and as domestic fuel. Over a hundred units concentrated in and around Rajkot that produce ceramic tiles and large capacity glass units are based on gas. 

Look at the concentration of use by the three prosperous states:

1) As on 1 April 2016, of the total number of 1081 compressed natural gas stations (CNG), Gujarat accounted for 377, New Delhi for 340 and Maharashtra for 225 - close to 87 per cent by these three states. 

2) Of the total PNG connections of 3,287,875, Gujarat accounted for 1,554,525, Maharashtra for 924,042 and Delhi 669,265 - close to 98 per cent. 

3) Of the CNG vehicles that totalled 2,557,895, Gujarat had 864,735, New Delhi 823,298 and Maharashtra 567,785- close to 88 per cent.  

While Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tripura, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh find a place in the use of natural gas, Tamil Nadu is nowhere in this. During April-September of 2016, total consumption was provisionally estimated at 27.91 bn. cubic metres with roughly 46 per cent met by imports;  this has registered an increase with liberal imports. Of this the share of Tamil Nadu is limited to a small quantum of LPG used as a domestic fuel. 

The saddest part of it relates to the state leadership blocking the construction of the gas pipeline that would facilitate use of gas imported at the Kochi terminal. The AIADMK government blocked the plan of GAIL on opposition from an estimated 5500 farmers for laying the pipeline through their fields; contrast this with the benefit to the 170 lakh population of the seven districts! Long litigation through the Madras High Court and the Supreme Court, the state blocked construction of the pipeline; the Courts ultimately rejected the appeals of the state government. Sadly, neither the industry nor the larger sections of public who would benefit immensely by the availability of this elegant raw material, have been concerned with this. For nearly a year, the state keeps to its rigid stance of its right - to shoot itself on its foot!

Look at the massive plans of the Union government to complete the national gas grid which received a set back by the Reliance Industries resiling on its original promise to construct pipelines from AP to Tamil Nadu and West Bengal and thence to UP. Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas, Dharmendra Pradhan, outlined at the Economic Editors’ Conference the Urja Ganga Project designed to take gas to West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha and UP. It will feed the two fertilizer plants at Barauni and Sindri which are sick. A 1000 km Dhamra-Bokaro pipeline is to be constructed at a cost of Rs 6000 crore. IOC and GAIL will jointly set up an LNG terminal at Dhamra. A massive fertilizer plant at Thalcher in Odisha to be jointly set up by a number of PSUs will also be fed by this pipeline. 

And Tamil Nadu does not seem to have any qualm about keeping the once prosperous fertilizer plants of Madras Fertilizers and SPIC sick for want of gas as a feedstock! 



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