Ad Here  
October
December
December
January
March
March
 
 
A proud Madrasi Revive development banks... Rahman at CIC A more liberated TN… More Shakti to resource mobilisation... Revving up the manufacturing sector Sweet news for TN sugar mills Scientists urged to take up farmer-oriented research The brown list of Venkitaramanan For whom the bell tolls? A C Muthiah – his munificent bequeaths to science How Air-India loses customs... Quality education through the PPP mode Another Indian music maestro at the UN More Shakthi to Das’ elbow A professional at the helm of IRDA... L&T- the specialty of special purpose vehicles Liberal imports idling indigenous capacities Maximising the micro pricing … S V Raju – a ‘good’ true liberal The ‘Ayyo-yes’ is no more Lesson from Chandrababu Naidu No engine for this car Delhi is distant… Varuna (rain) in 2015; Vaayu (air) in 2016. Chennai devastated A rich pool of talent not utilised…. Auto components surge… When nations steal growth from one another… When small is no larger beautiful.. Modi and the lady No mega rail project for Tamil Nadu Naidu will soon build a new Hyderabad The Jan Dhan bonanza Increasing non co-operation of state leaders Tax agriculture Chennai and Kolkata miss opportunity to grow as Delhi and Mumbai Poor representation for Kerala and TN in Cabinet Plummeting profits of PSBs Tatas moving out of urea production... TN – agglomerate land holdings without alienating ownership Protest masters... Banning booze... Tribute – Manikam Ramaswami IPL - no surprise this scam Kudos to NDTV... A friendly business group Editor's Says Solar, solar everywhere … Dr C Rangarajan returns to Chennai Gay abandon in pricing SoA @ 80 The star of Spencers is no more All eyes on Sankara Nethralaya Diamond jubilee of Egmore Samskrt School The power-full Hindujas Multi-faceted Venkat F C Kohli - his concerns all embracing A welcome initiative by the judiciary CSR and CMI: promise of another Srinivasan Ramanujan... Contrarian cousins Telangana in top gear… An inexplicable neglect Strengthen the base... Tough task taking states together Convulsions in The Hindu Solar thermal shines… The rise and rise of KCP Not just in-laws (and outlaws); they’ve renowned academics at the helm! Come elections, come advertisements... GM Technology at last! Kinetic Karnataka He continues the focus on social amelioration When TN politicians can emulate Kerala's Align crops to agro climate endowments… Online not in line with brick and mortar businesses... Tribute – UCAL Selvan… EVM is tamper-proof The sea- saw battle continues... PC’s preference for professionals Kulandai was a giant TELANGANA at last…BUT Haul over the coal This scant respect for Law When Ratan Tata visited SRM Nuclear power at the nucleus Paytm karo... Discoms deserve better… Don’t seem to feel the pulse… The few handicaps... Odisha: spectacular win by Naveen Patnaik Focus on quality of power - its only around 170-180V The ‘Jayanthi Tax.’ Towards speedy justice Eternal support for capitalisation of PS banks Return to king coal for urea... Noble nonagenarians... Delhi is distant No Maha Koottani in TN... Like Hinduism: many paths to reach God... Sri Lanka votes for change Land reclamation from sea appears cheaper! TN-leverage strength of BHEL, NLC... Streamlining mandatory third party cover B H Kothari - a tribute Preserving for the future Measuring roof tops in terms of KW/MW IPL type auction for VCs? Parliament in paralysis... Readers' Mail Welcome changes that testify to Jayalalithaa’s return to health Which side are you, Montek? Inflation: are we emulating Argentina and Brazil? Fall in crude prices help in oil sector reform Delhi Chalo... Things happen by accident and not by design... Excel Generators provide the vital back-up L&T: focus on infrastructure and more infrastructure… Alexa – Talking Wikipedia Tatas moving out of urea production... China invests in India Cutting the nose to spite the face TIAM turns a full cycle Waning interest in public discussions… EEC at the National Media Centre The balancing act The why of tax incentives There was flood of milk. Reason: no milk commissioner! Vibrant Gujarat Build close rapport with business leaders Poor quality of university VCs Where a state respects its litterateurs… An enemy’s enemy is a friend Modi storms Silicon Valley Fuel for thought Tribute – M V Murugappan ONGC at KG Basin Adapt Vajpayee dinner diplomacy Air Asia India will set new benchmarks for budget travel Demise of a media baron... Building loyalty through the stomach to the lack of interest on the part of these to focus on original research. This despite the much lower costs of such research in India. The industry which thrived on the protection of a closed economy and the advantage of a vast domestic market, has failed to organise its evolution on healthy lines Tribute Reliance’s TV – 18 ready to launch Tamil News Channel Editor's Notes Valli, they are more marginalised Tihar, Puzhal not different from Parappana Agrahara Cleaning Ganga – relocate tanneries and install electric crematoria Intellectual of rare qualities Why land prices zoom in TN? The Ports’ Pasha expands into Tamil Nadu Why this malaise in medical education? CIPET hqrs to stay at Guindy – for the present? Muffled voices for merit… Breaththrough in malaria control A glass full of corruption Wise Presidents New IT products of Ramco in the pipeline… TGS- The king storyteller Shaming of Tamils by Tamil farmers at Delhi West Bengal: mindless malignancy Insurance companies bleeding, yet no decision on increasing FDI limit! Whistle-Stop Tour of Raghuram Rajan Shale gas and its shallow future Secularism and anti-Hinduism Limit foreign borrowings to hi-tech, export potential projects... Airlines in India: cost and space Wanted: a second airport for Chennai PPP mode for upgrading Corporation Hospitals Of course, Gujarat is vibrant Bihar elections - the Rajaji formula worked Colour-Chem’s colourful KRVS Roaring Ro-Ro facility Bihar – Nitish Kumar adopts the Lalu model Robber barons everywhere Rs.1600 crore paper board plant of TNPL Mersal magnified When the President was rendered homeless… Making ‘my Amaravati’... Shipping woes of Chennai companies Remembering Indira Sivasailam... Polls and promises Make standards certification mandatory... CII projects higher growth… Fortune for Indian Airlines WTO Meet: resolved to meet again Permanent secretariat for TN GIM Welcome GST Pharma – overdose of copying GNS - 100: our first subscriber Road development slows down Quality silica from Neyveli A Grand Finale for SN’s MS centenary at the US… Welcome thrust on trade in Modi’s foreign visits... Cement prices continue to rise… …and of a popular trade leader Mu Sigma – is no more Computation of GDP – conundrums continue Funding the un-funded Lalu’s envy, India’s pride Padma Bhushan for A Ramakrishna Medical costs hit the roof... The Swadeshi Trump London, London Narayan Music happens The rise and fall of Annamalai University When online building permits work…. Adharma of opposition politics Godspeed, Chief Minister JJ A think tank for Chennai A yen for wastage… For whom the MIDS bell tolls? Marketing expert Balagopal is no more An informal presentation - analytical, forward locking... Moily’s bold thrust Welcome focus on core competence The Gulf aviation boom Recognition to role of NBFCs.... Boy, can you beat these? Put expensive assets created to use... Shanti and Sadhana through Music Delhi returns to BJP He saved millions from starvation... More tributes to GR Russi Mody – a tribute Should we change the official year? S Ramanathan – a versatile musician, musicologist TN accounts for the largest recruits by the IT sector CRS, a jewel among managers, is no more. R Sridhar steps down as CEO of Shriram Capital More heat than light Infrastructure funding – lessons learnt IAS invades NDDB... Where is Rajaji? A Grand Finale for SN’s MS centenary at the US… Fortune 500 review Small units prefers to remain small... Naidu’s return augurs well for Seemandhra Five star activism stalls development activity Gas is the way forward The nuclear option Sweeter prospects for sugar Engineering seats go abegging MHC should not return to its old indisciplined ways Silver Years of Madras Musings
 
A yen for wastage…

A decade ago, McKinsey report mentioned that a third of fruits and vegetables produced in India are wasted through lack of attention to handling these. The report stated that this wastage is equivalent to the total consumption of such products in the UK. Involved with the Agriculture Consultancy Ma-

nagement Foundation (ACMF) promoted by IE to improve productivity of agriculture, I have watched with dismay that such wastages continue to abound in the farms; in transporting the produce from farm gates to the wholesaler; from the mandis to the retailer and finally to the consumer. Cold chains, much bandied about, are a far cry in a country where power shortages are rampant, pervasive and frequent. There is also the consequent high tariff for power, which makes cold storages so much more expensive and unaffordable by the average farmer. One solution is the quick adoption of techniques followed in developed countries. China has done this effectively, inviting large multinationals to extend technology for achieving quantum jumps in productivity of crops like potato; more importantly, in establishing a highly sophisticated system of handling the produce.

The liberalisation of retail trade is expected to attend to this. But the familiar paralysis of governance in Delhi has not enthused large retail chains to set up shop in India with any sense of urgency. Several regional leaders including Arvind Kejriwal are against liberalisation of retail trade. Hopefully, a new government at the Centre by mid 2014 would have sufficient power to focus on such vital issues.

Even while I express concern over this issue, I noticed more callous wastage in that haven for efficiency, the USA. I visited an apple orchard near Boston. There are several of these large private orchards spread over vast areas. They raise a large variety of apples. Adopting scientific practices, they produce in profuse quantities. Of course, they suffer from the problem of high cost of labour to manage these. Mechanisation, which is pervasive in most other aspects of US industry and  agriculture, has not been possible for plucking such fruits.

Private orchards resort to making money through tourism offering the opportunity for visitors spend time at the orchards and pluck the fruits.  For an entrance fee of $ 14, the visitor is provided a bag. He/she can pluck and fill these with apples and pears.  Tractor-trailer rides with hay seats take the visitors (for an additional fee) through different parts of the orchards raising several varieties of the fruits. Instructions are also given on the method of plucking the fruits.

All this is exciting. But, sadly, I noticed humongous wastage by amateurish plucking. On a rough estimate, I found more than half the produce was wasted.

There are well-organised orchards in India where attention is paid to reducing such wastage. Reliance Industries offers an excellent example. In Jamnagar, along side its two world-class refineries, the company has set up a sprawling mango orchard. Thousands of mango trees are raised on scientific basis under the direction of expert scientists and managers. The trees are pruned to a height of less than 10 feet in beautiful canopy shape. A lot of research inputs are made to extend the season as also expand variety and improve quality. The normal wastages seen in traditional orchards of tall trees suffering bird and squirrel bites are avoided. In quick time, the company established a flourishing export market for mangoes.

The lesson is clear: as in other aspects of the economy, agriculture needs science, technology and management. That is possible only by agglomeration of thousands of small land holdings. Punjab and Rajasthan have amended land acts permitting lease of land for 15 years and more. It’s time other states follow this.

 

Author :
Reported On :
Sector :
Shoulder :
RELATED NEWS
ABOUT IE
IE, the business magazine from south was launched in 1968 and pioneered business journalism in south. Through the 45 years IE has been focusing on well-presented and well-researched articles. When giants in the industry stumbled to keep pace with the digital revolution, IE stayed affixed embracing technology.
Read more
 
PRIVACY POLICY
Economist Communications Ltd is committed to ensuring that your privacy is protected.
Read more
TERMS AND CONDITIONS
You agree that your use of this Website and the purchase of the magazine will be governed by these terms and conditions.
Read more
 
CONTACT US
S-15, Industrial Estate,
Guindy,
Chennai - 600 032.
PHONE: +91 44 22501236
EMAIL: indecom1968@gmail.com