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Wanted: a second airport for Chennai Discoms deserve better… A rich pool of talent not utilised…. Russi Mody – a tribute Banning booze... Tribute – Manikam Ramaswami Poor quality of university VCs SoA @ 80 The Swadeshi Trump The why of tax incentives An informal presentation - analytical, forward locking... Limit foreign borrowings to hi-tech, export potential projects... Fortune for Indian Airlines EEC at the National Media Centre Five star activism stalls development activity Towards speedy justice A glass full of corruption CRS, a jewel among managers, is no more. China invests in India Where is Rajaji? TIAM turns a full cycle Chennai and Kolkata miss opportunity to grow as Delhi and Mumbai Adapt Vajpayee dinner diplomacy F C Kohli - his concerns all embracing WTO Meet: resolved to meet again Parliament in paralysis... Scientists urged to take up farmer-oriented research For whom the bell tolls? More tributes to GR Revive development banks... Editor's Notes Things happen by accident and not by design... The Gulf aviation boom Land reclamation from sea appears cheaper! Delhi returns to BJP The Ports’ Pasha expands into Tamil Nadu Bihar – Nitish Kumar adopts the Lalu model Small units prefers to remain small... Medical costs hit the roof... Music happens Preserving for the future Editor's Says Marketing expert Balagopal is no more Airlines in India: cost and space A think tank for Chennai Return to king coal for urea... Demise of a media baron... Lesson from Chandrababu Naidu IPL type auction for VCs? When TN politicians can emulate Kerala's Contrarian cousins Permanent secretariat for TN GIM PC’s preference for professionals Mu Sigma – is no more For whom the MIDS bell tolls? When Ratan Tata visited SRM A friendly business group Computation of GDP – conundrums continue Tihar, Puzhal not different from Parappana Agrahara Tax agriculture Of course, Gujarat is vibrant Should we change the official year? The rise and fall of Annamalai University All eyes on Sankara Nethralaya Solar thermal shines… TN – agglomerate land holdings without alienating ownership Colour-Chem’s colourful KRVS He saved millions from starvation... Infrastructure funding – lessons learnt Welcome GST GM Technology at last! Another Indian music maestro at the UN Cleaning Ganga – relocate tanneries and install electric crematoria Recognition to role of NBFCs.... Delhi Chalo... Lalu’s envy, India’s pride CSR and CMI: promise of another Srinivasan Ramanujan... Why land prices zoom in TN? Waning interest in public discussions… EVM is tamper-proof Tribute – UCAL Selvan… Boy, can you beat these? The rise and rise of KCP No engine for this car Sweeter prospects for sugar The Jan Dhan bonanza Noble nonagenarians... Online not in line with brick and mortar businesses... 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TGS- The king storyteller A yen for wastage… More heat than light Auto components surge… Welcome changes that testify to Jayalalithaa’s return to health Telangana in top gear… Secularism and anti-Hinduism Insurance companies bleeding, yet no decision on increasing FDI limit! The balancing act Reliance’s TV – 18 ready to launch Tamil News Channel A proud Madrasi Fuel for thought The ‘Jayanthi Tax.’ Tatas moving out of urea production... Polls and promises Fortune 500 review A welcome initiative by the judiciary …and of a popular trade leader More Shakthi to Das’ elbow Strengthen the base... The few handicaps... Haul over the coal Delhi is distant More Shakti to resource mobilisation... Convulsions in The Hindu The ‘Ayyo-yes’ is no more Cement prices continue to rise… Don’t seem to feel the pulse… When nations steal growth from one another… Build close rapport with business leaders A Grand Finale for SN’s MS centenary at the US… When small is no larger beautiful.. Sri Lanka votes for change Godspeed, Chief Minister JJ Kinetic Karnataka This scant respect for Law A more liberated TN… Making ‘my Amaravati’... Quality silica from Neyveli L&T: focus on infrastructure and more infrastructure… Poor representation for Kerala and TN in Cabinet S V Raju – a ‘good’ true liberal Protest masters... Make standards certification mandatory... Engineering seats go abegging TN-leverage strength of BHEL, NLC... Paytm karo... Vibrant Gujarat Tribute Modi storms Silicon Valley Mersal magnified No mega rail project for Tamil Nadu GNS - 100: our first subscriber TN accounts for the largest recruits by the IT sector An inexplicable neglect Bihar elections - the Rajaji formula worked Where a state respects its litterateurs… MHC should not return to its old indisciplined ways When online building permits work…. 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Rs.1600 crore paper board plant of TNPL Diamond jubilee of Egmore Samskrt School to the lack of interest on the part of these to focus on original research. This despite the much lower costs of such research in India. The industry which thrived on the protection of a closed economy and the advantage of a vast domestic market, has failed to organise its evolution on healthy lines Eternal support for capitalisation of PS banks Silver Years of Madras Musings Tribute – M V Murugappan The nuclear option Shanti and Sadhana through Music Naidu’s return augurs well for Seemandhra Revving up the manufacturing sector Alexa – Talking Wikipedia The brown list of Venkitaramanan Moily’s bold thrust Modi and the lady West Bengal: mindless malignancy Inflation: are we emulating Argentina and Brazil? Excel Generators provide the vital back-up Gay abandon in pricing No Maha Koottani in TN... A Grand Finale for SN’s MS centenary at the US… R Sridhar steps down as CEO of Shriram Capital B H Kothari - a tribute Remembering Indira Sivasailam... Kudos to NDTV... Plummeting profits of PSBs
 
He saved millions from starvation...

This is the centenary year of Dr. Norman Borlaug, the Father of the Green Revolution. His introduction of the Mexican dwarf varieties of wheat and successful spread of the technology at Mexico, Pakistan and India contributed to quantum jumps in wheat productivity. Borlaug grew up in Iowa State in the US. He later worked at the Rockefeller Foundation, Mexico, where he introduced the exotic hybrid seed. Still later, he taught at the Texas University. Until he breathed his last in 2009, he worked at farms, training thousands in agri production techniques.

India owes a great deal to Borlaug. C Subramaniam as Minister of Agriculture brought the first hybrid seeds from Mexico during India’s worst years in mid 1960s. Encouraged by Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, CS introduced the hybrid wheat variety in a thousand demonstration plots including one around his own house in Delhi. He involved scientists of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research and geared up the civil administration under the brilliant B Shivaraman, ICS.

The results were phenomenal. Food production that had nosedived from 89.34 million tonnes in 1964-65 to 72.35 MT in 1965-66, increased to 99.50 MT in 1969-70. Wheat production nearly doubled from 10.29 MT in 1965-66 to 20.69 MT in 1969-70.There was coordinated work by scientists, agriculture universities, notably, Punjab and Pantnagar, extension machinery of the states and the Central agriculture department. The farmers who were initially sceptical, besieged universities and demanded the new seed variety. CS arranged for import of 18,000 tonnes of such seeds from Mexico through Borlaug. He once recalled with pain: “the customs department quarantined the seeds and it took special efforts to get them released!”

CS truly triggered the green revolution in India with the help of Borlaug. In 1996 Borlaug visited Chennai on the invitation of MS Swaminathan. The latter entrusted me the task to organise an interactive session with this great scientist at the M S Swaminathan Research Foundation. I did this and at the end drove Borlaug to the residence of CS. The two octogenarians passionately discussed the elimination of global hunger!

A measure of the contribution of Borlaug’s invention should be evident from the productivity jump in wheat provided by National Geographic: for the production of 95 million tonnes of wheat the country produced last year, we would be requiring around 96 million hectares; we have been able to do this in just 26 million hectares! What visionaries and what contribution Borlaug, CS, the team of scientists and administrators made that gave the comfort of food surplus for our country!

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