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For probity in medical admissions
The scramble for admission to medical colleges is an annual phenomenon. For many years there have been raging controversies over the practices relating to the admission processes.

A major concern was the skyrocketing capitation fees in private medical and dental colleges. In 2016 the capitation fee in Tamil Nadu ranged from Rs 80 lakh to Rs 40 lakh for medical seats and Rs 40 to Rs 20 lakh for dental seats. The ranges were different but of similar order in other states. In government medical and Dental colleges there were no problems of capitation fees.

In Tamil Nadu there are 21 government medical colleges with an intake capacity of 2750. There are 23 private medical colleges with 3750 seats. There is one government dental college with 100 seats of which 15 is for all India Quota. The private dental colleges account for 1310 seats with no all India quota. The demand far outweighs the supply leading to malpractices in admissions..

Supreme Court mandated NTTE...

To provide relief to those seeking admission to medical and dental colleges, the Supreme Court of India in 2016 mandated the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), Delhi, will conduct this test for admission to undergraduate courses in medical and dental colleges. NEET-II is scheduled to be held on 7 May 2017. The responsibility of the CBSE is limited to the conduct of the entrance examination, declaration of result and providing All India Rank to the counseling authorities. Common counseling will only be held for 15 per cent.

The long course of NEET...

NEET was initially proposed to take place from 2012 onwards. However, for several reasons, the CBSE and Medical Council of India deferred NEET by a year. The test was announced by the Government of India and was held for the first time on 5 May 2013 across India for students seeking admission for both undergraduate and postgraduate medicine. Several states including Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu, strongly opposed it, stating that there was a huge variation in the syllabus proposed by the MCI and their state syllabi. On 18 July 2013, SC gave the decision in favor of 115 petitions and cancelled the NEET examination and announced that MCI could not interfere with the admission process done by colleges. 

However, it was restored on 11 April 2016, after a five-judge Constitution bench revised the earlier verdict and allowed the Central government and the Medical Council of India (MCI) to implement the common entrance test. Even though, NEET 2016 is conducted in English and Hindi, it is announced that students can write exams in Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese and Gujarati from 2017 onwards.

This year exam dates for NEET 2017 will clash with other engineering entrance examinations.  The West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations (WBJEE) 2017 will be conducted on 23 April 2017. The announcement of the dates has left the students confused. This year thousands of students will have to choose between writing the West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination or NEET for medical admissions.

The states of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir did not participate in NEET 2016 as they had opted out of the same earlier. Whether or not the states be participating in NEET 2017 is still to be clarified and would be released as and when the NEET 2017 Notification is released.

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