For India the rationale for developing FBR is nuclear fuel security. India has limited uranium mineral resources that necessitate importing the fuel which has its uncertainties. But India is rich in thorium deposits. Though thorium cannot be used directly as nuclear fuel, it can be converted into useful fuel along with the spent uranium in a FBR.
In the area of nuclear energy in India, Tamil Nadu can lay claim to several firsts. Dr Homi Bhabha, the celebrated scientist, selected Kalpakkam for setting up India’s third nuclear power plant (MAPS). The first indigenous PHWR reactor was erected here after the Canadians walked out of the collaboration with India